How to Install R on Mac

Charlotte Daniels

Mac, Tutorials

Installing R on a Mac is a relatively straightforward process. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the steps to install R on your Mac machine. Let’s get started!

Step 1: Download R for Mac

To begin, open your preferred web browser and navigate to the R for Mac OS X download page. Here, you will find the latest version of R available for Mac.

Tip: It is recommended to download the latest stable version of R for optimal performance and compatibility with other packages.

Step 2: Choose the appropriate package

On the download page, you will see a list of available packages. Choose the package that corresponds to your macOS version. For example, if you are running macOS Catalina, select the package labeled “R-4.x.pkg” (where x.x represents the version number).

Step 3: Install R

Once the package is downloaded, locate it in your Downloads folder or wherever your browser saves downloaded files. Double-click on the package file to start the installation process.

  • Note: You may need administrative privileges to install software on your Mac. If prompted, enter your password and continue.

The installer window will appear with instructions guiding you through the installation process. Follow these instructions and click “Next” or “Continue” when prompted.

  • Troubleshooting Tip: If you encounter any issues during installation, make sure you have enough disk space and that there are no conflicting installations of older versions of R on your system.

Step 4: Verify the installation

After the installation is complete, open the Terminal application on your Mac. You can find it by searching for “Terminal” using Spotlight or by navigating to Applications → Utilities → Terminal.

In the Terminal window, type R and press Enter. This will launch the R console, indicating that R has been successfully installed on your Mac.


You have successfully installed R on your Mac. Now you can start exploring the world of data analysis and statistical computing with R.

Tip: To update R to the latest version in the future, you can simply repeat this installation process with the new version package.


In this tutorial, we walked through the step-by-step process of installing R on a Mac. We covered downloading the appropriate package, installing R, verifying the installation using Terminal, and providing troubleshooting tips along the way. Now you are ready to dive into data analysis and statistical computing using R!

Remember: Practice makes perfect! The more you use R, the more comfortable you will become with its capabilities and syntax.

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