How to Factory Reset Your Mac

Alicia Santos

Mac, Tutorials

Are you experiencing issues with your Mac? Sometimes, a factory reset can be the solution to fix major software problems.

In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of how to factory reset your Mac. Before we begin, it’s important to note that performing a factory reset will erase all data on your Mac, so it’s essential to back up any important files before proceeding.

Step 1: Back up Your Data

Before resetting your Mac, create a backup of all your important files. This ensures you won’t lose any crucial data during the process. You can use Time Machine or manually copy files to an external hard drive or cloud storage service.

Step 2: Sign Out of iCloud and Other Services

Prior to resetting your Mac, sign out of iCloud and other services linked to your Apple ID. This deactivates these services on your device and prevents any potential issues after the reset.

  1. Open System Preferences: Click on the Apple menu in the top-left corner of your screen and select “System Preferences.

  2. Select Apple ID: In System Preferences, click on “Apple ID. “
  3. Sign Out: On the left-hand side, select “Overview” and then click on “Sign Out. “
  4. Confirm Sign Out: Follow the prompts to confirm signing out of iCloud.

Step 3: Restart in Recovery Mode

To initiate the factory reset process, you need to restart your Mac in Recovery Mode.

  1. Shut Down Your Mac: Click on the Apple menu and select “Shut Down.”
  2. Boot into Recovery Mode: Press and hold the Command (⌘) and R keys simultaneously while pressing the power button to turn on your Mac.
  3. Select Disk Utility: In the macOS Utilities window, select “Disk Utility” and click on “Continue.”

Step 4: Erase Your Mac’s Hard Drive

In Disk Utility, you will erase your Mac’s hard drive, effectively deleting all data on it.

  1. Select Your Hard Drive: In the sidebar of Disk Utility, select your Mac’s internal hard drive.
  2. Erase the Hard Drive: Click on the “Erase” button at the top of the Disk Utility window.
  3. Choose File System Format: Select either APFS or Mac OS Extended (Journaled) as the file system format. Give your hard drive a name and click on “Erase.

  4. Confirm Erase: Follow the prompts to confirm erasing your hard drive. This process may take some time.

Step 5: Reinstall macOS

With your Mac’s hard drive erased, it’s time to reinstall macOS.

  1. Exit Disk Utility: Once the erase process is complete, exit Disk Utility by clicking on “Disk Utility” in the menu bar and selecting “Quit Disk Utility. “
  2. Select Reinstall macOS: In macOS Utilities, select “Reinstall macOS” and click on “Continue.

  3. Follow the Prompts: Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the reinstallation process. This will involve selecting your hard drive and agreeing to the software license agreement.

Step 6: Restore Your Data

After reinstalling macOS, you can restore your data from the backup you created in Step 1.

  1. Open Migration Assistant: When prompted, select “Set Up as a New Mac” or “Migrate Data.”
  2. Select Your Backup Source: Choose the backup source from which you want to restore your data.
  3. Select Data to Restore: Select the files and applications you want to restore from your backup.
  4. Wait for Restoration: Allow some time for your Mac to restore all selected data. Once completed, you can start using your Mac with all of your restored files and settings.

Congratulations! You have successfully factory reset your Mac.

You should now have a fresh installation of macOS, resolving any software issues you were experiencing. Remember to reinstall any third-party apps and configure system preferences according to your needs.


A factory reset can be a powerful solution for fixing major software problems on your Mac. By following these step-by-step instructions, you can safely perform a factory reset while preserving your important data.

Remember to back up your files before resetting and ensure that you have a stable internet connection during the reinstallation process. With a fresh installation of macOS, you can enjoy improved performance and a clean slate on your Mac.

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