How to Do a Hard Reset on Mac

Alicia Santos

Mac, Tutorials

A hard reset, also known as a factory reset, is a process that restores your Mac computer to its original settings. This can be useful when troubleshooting issues or preparing your device for resale. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the steps to do a hard reset on your Mac.

Step 1: Backup Your Data
Before proceeding with a hard reset, it’s essential to back up any important data on your Mac. This ensures that you don’t lose any valuable files during the process. You can use Time Machine or manually copy your files to an external storage device.

Step 2: Shut Down Your Mac
To begin the hard reset process, start by shutting down your Mac completely. You can do this by clicking on the Apple menu in the top-left corner of the screen and selecting “Shut Down” from the dropdown menu.

Step 3: Restart Your Mac in Recovery Mode
To access the recovery mode, press and hold the Command (⌘) and R keys simultaneously while turning on your Mac. Continue holding these keys until you see the Apple logo or a spinning globe icon appear on the screen.

Using Recovery Mode Options:

Step 4: Disk Utility – Repair Disk
Once you’re in recovery mode, select “Disk Utility” from the Utilities window and click on “Continue”. In Disk Utility, select your startup disk (usually named “Macintosh HD”) from the sidebar, and then click on “First Aid”. Click “Run” to start repairing any disk errors that may be present.

Step 5: Reinstall macOS
If repairing the disk doesn’t resolve your issue, you may need to reinstall macOS. In recovery mode’s Utilities window, select “Reinstall macOS” and click “Continue”. Follow the prompts provided by macOS Installer to reinstall the operating system on your Mac.

Alternative Method:

Step 4: Terminal – Reset NVRAM/PRAM
If you prefer using Terminal, you can reset the NVRAM (non-volatile random-access memory) or PRAM (parameter random-access memory). From the recovery mode’s Utilities window, select “Terminal”.

In the Terminal window, type in the command: nvram -c and press Enter. This will reset the NVRAM/PRAM settings to their default values.

Step 5: Restart Your Mac
After performing either of the above methods, you can exit recovery mode by restarting your Mac normally. Click on the Apple menu and select “Restart” from the dropdown menu. Your Mac should now boot up with its original settings.

In conclusion, a hard reset can be a useful tool for troubleshooting issues with your Mac or preparing it for resale. By following these steps, you can easily perform a hard reset on your Mac and restore it to its factory settings. Remember to back up your data before proceeding and choose the appropriate method based on your specific needs.

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